Coin collection - 100th Anniversary of the Canadian Arctic Expedition (year 2013)

I got the 14k Gold Coin as a wedding gift from a friend. I loved that coin immediately. Later on I bought the remaining silver coins in this collection from the Royal Canadian Mint. I must say the quality of the images below is not really good. The real coins are impeccably beautiful.

Coins from left to right, top to bottom:
  • Brilliant Fine Silver Dollar  (Mintage: 02610/20000 )
  • 14k Gold Coin (Mintage: 0218/2500)
  • Proof Fine Silver Dollar (Mintage: 12866/40000)
  • Fine Silver Proof Set (Mintage: 21285/25000)
Coin collection - 100th Anniversary of the Canadian Arctic Expedition (year 2013) - [Reverse]
Coin collection - 100th Anniversary of the Canadian Arctic Expedition (year 2013) - [Reverse]

Coin collection - 100th Anniversary of the Canadian Arctic Expedition (year 2013) - [Obverse]
Coin collection - 100th Anniversary of the Canadian Arctic Expedition (year 2013) - [Obverse]


The Canadian Arctic  Expedition 1913-1916

On the antique celluloid, the light flickers. Sled dogs move silently across the Arctic tundra. A man perched on an ice floe surveys the horizon as teams of men and dogs prepare for ice-bound travel behind him. In the distance snow-capped mountains rise into the sky like jagged shards of ice.

In grainy photos, men stand alongside makeshift fences, before shelters made of skins and furs, in open ice fields, atop sleds packed with gear. Some smile; others stare silently into the lens, arms crossed, thoughts unfathomable.

These are only a few of the approximately 4,000 photographs and more than 2,700 metres of film capturing one of the twentieth century’s most exciting moments in exploration: the Canadian Arctic  Expedition.

In 1913, Canadian Prime Minister Sir Robert Borden commissioned an expedition, led by Manitoba-born ethnologist Vilhjalmur Stefansson, to explore and map the western Canadian Arctic. Stefansson and zoologist Rudolph Anderson had travelled through the Far North the previous decade. Knowing that there was a great deal of unexplored potential in the region, Stefansson planned to continue his earlier journey, but the Government of Canada, recognizing the importance of new sovereign territory, hosted the Expedition and broadened its mission significantly. A Northern Party led by Stefansson would undertake the mapping exercise while a Southern Party led by Anderson would explorer the geology, resources, and native inhabitants of the northern mainland.

Traveling by sea and despite significant hardships, the Northern Party covered thousands of kilometres, mapping land that even the local inhabitants had never seen. The Northern Party discovered four new islands and proved that some of the geography proposed by nineteenth century expeditions was erroneous.

The Southern Party completed the full mapping of the mainland and produced 14 volumes of scientific data as well as thousands of specimens and artefacts, opening up a new world of wonder for Canadians. Their findings included information about flora and fauna never before recorded, fossil samples, and more. Their cultural research familiarized the world for the first time with the culture and way of life of the Copper Inuit and the aboriginal peoples of the Northwest Territories, Yukon Territory, Alaska and Siberia. From these Aboriginal peoples – some of whom participated in the Expedition as guides and other assistants- they collected artistic artefacts, tools, knowledge, and thousands of photographs as well as extensive film footage.

The Expedition’s artefacts, photos, and recordings enabled researchers to introduce to the rest of the world cultures that had been virtually inaccessible until that time. The artefacts have also had a broad educational legacy, forming the basis of numerous educational programs and museum exhibits, and are an important pillar of the permanent National collections of the Canadian Museum of Nature and the Canadian Museum of Civilization.

14k Gold Coin - 100th Anniversary of the Canadian Arctic Expedition

This 100-dollar coin is certified to be 14-karat gold with a metal content of 12 grams and a diameter of 27 millimetres. In this design, Canadian artist Bonnie Ross depicts several key images representative of the Canadian Arctic Expedition, including a survey team atop an ice floe taking research measurements and, in the background a stylized map of the Canadian Arctic. The obverse features the effigy of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II by Susanna Blunt.

Brilliant Fine Silver Dollar / Proof Fine Silver Dollar - 100th Anniversary of the Canadian Arctic Expedition

Both the brilliant uncirculated  silver dollar and the proof silver dollar in this collection  are certified to be 99.99% pure silver with a diameter of 36.07 millimetres and a weight of 23.17 grams. Designated by Canadian artist Bonnie Ross, the reverse image draws on photography from the Canadian Arctic Expedition, depicting a group of three men aboard  a dogsled, the waiting dog team before them listening for the command to move across the Arctic tundra. The skyline and horizon behind this portrait are filled with a stylized image of a compass. The obverse features the effigy of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II by Susana Blunt.

Fine Silver Proof Set - 100th Anniversary of the Canadian Arctic Expedition

This is the 2013 fine silver proof set of Canadian coinage. This is the only set that features the commemorative silver dollar selectively gold-plated and the gold-plated one-dollar coin depicting the common loon.

The chart below shows the characteristics of each coin in the 2013 Fine Silver Proof Set of Canadian Coinage.

Characteristics of each coin in the 2013 Fine Silver Proof Set of Canadian Coinage

The cheapest way to call to Cuba

I have been using Rebtel for the last 6 years or so to call my family and friends in Cuba. The service has a very good quality: it’s unusual to hear noise, broken speech or any other undesirable artifacts during the call.

Calling to Cuba is never cheap; no matter which telephone provider you are using. Rebtel offers one of the cheapest calling rates in the market: 58.8cents/min (USD). To put it in a different way: $10 American Dollars will buy you 17min to call to Cuba.

Over the years I have tried other companies which where slightly cheaper than Rebtel, but the quality of the call was terrible. Really not worthy.

Evaluating the service is almost free. Upon signing up, you will get a welcome offer of paying $1 USD and getting a $5 USD calling credit. This mean, upon sign up, you pay $1 USD and will get 8.5min of calling time to Cuba. To access  this one time deal click here.

Once you have used the calling time of you welcome offer, you will have to buy more minutes at the standard rate of 58.8cents/min (USD).

One final tip: you can use Rebtel to call many other countries, not just Cuba. Fortunately, the rates to call other countries are way cheaper.

If you think this post might be useful to others, click the Google plus (G+) button at the beginning of this post. Thanks.

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Proof of medical examination - Medical Report: Client Biodata and Summary (IMM 1017 Form)

As part of the Application to Sponsor a Member of the Family Class, the sponsored person and their family members are required to provide “proof” that they have undergone a medical examination.

I am sponsoring my wife to come to Canada, she lives currently in Cuba and I have been living in Toronto for the last 4 years.

When I first heard about this “proof of medical examination”, I asked myself:
  • What do they mean by “proof”?
  • How can I obtain this “proof”?
  • How does this “proof” look like?
For the purpose of sponsoring a Member of the Family Class, Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) requires you to mail the IMM 1017 Form as proof that the medical examination took place with an authorized Panel Physician.


In other words, the IMM 1017 Form, also known as Medical Report: Client Biodata and Summary, is the "proof" you are looking for. This form is one page long and you will have to mail the corresponding IMM 1017 Forms not only for the sponsored person, but also for their family members (dependants), if any.

We obtained this form directly from the Panel Physician that examined my wife. We didn’t have to provide a blank form for the doctors to fill. They handled this form to my wife at the end of the medical examination.

This form does not contain the results of the medical results; it’s merely a confirmation that the person in question was examined by an authorized Panel Physician.

Below I have added for reference the IMM 1017 Form that my wife received. I erased all personal data from the form and I also scrambled the barcode. 
I wanted to share this knowledge because the information provided about this topic in the CIC website is quite slim. You should know that I am not a legal or immigration expert. I just want this information to be useful, but you use it at your own risk.

If you think this information was useful, please, consider clicking the Google plus button (G+) at the beginning of this post. Thanks!

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